OIL PALM SMALLHOLDER’S INCOME AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS (SDGS) ACHIEVEMENT IN PENINSULAR MALAYSIA
Peninsular Malaysia consists of 11 states, these states account for 46% of the total oil palm plantation land. There are about 184,977 oil palm smallholders in Peninsular Malaysia. The aim of the study is to compare the income capacity generation of oil palm smallholders in Peninsular Malaysia and its impact on achieving various SDGs. The study used primary data, collected through a well-structured questionnaire and oral interviews to elicit vital information from the oil palm smallholders in Johor (n=329), Selangor (n=80), Pahang (n=44) and Kelantan (n=35) in Peninsular Malaysia. Descriptive statistics using frequencies, means, graphs and charts were used to illustrate the importance of oil palm income in achieving SDGs in Johor, Selangor, Pahang, and Kelantan in Peninsular Malaysia. The analysis showed that all the oil palm smallholders in Peninsular Malaysia have a daily average income far above the poverty line. Johor has the highest daily average income in Peninsular Malaysia, therefore, it is easy for the oil palm smallholders in Johor to achieve SDG 1, SDG 2, SDG 3, SDG 5 and SDG 8 faster than the rest of the oil palm smallholders in Pahang, Selangor and Kelantan with lower average daily incomes.